A glass container candle with quaver and lyric label and a blue dust cover

Scented Candle Terms

Key Scented Candle Terms

Below are some explanations of the key candle and wax melt terms to help you understand candle descriptions and make an informed choice when buying scented candles and wax melts.
Botanicals – dried leaves, petals or other parts of plants added as decoration. 
Burn Time – The total number of hours that a candle burns for. 
Cold Throw – The fragrance given by the candle or melt before lighting or melting.
Container Candle – a candle in a container, usually glass or metal. 
CLP – This is the term for the label that gives the legally required hazard statements, signal words and for candles pictograms. 
Essential Oil – An oil produced from the distillation of plant extracts can be from one plant only but more often are blends of oil from different plants.
Fire Safety Test – These are a series of tests conducted to check the fire safety of the candle.
Fragrance Oil – The liquid fragrance oil used in candles and melts to give them their scent. Many fragrance oils are blends of both essential oils and synthetic fragrance oils.
Fragrance Notes – The description of a fragrance in three parts. Top notes are the scents given off first, usually citrus or fruity and give the first impression of the fragrance of the candle. Middle notes are the heart of the fragrance and are often the fruity, floral or spicy scents. Base notes are the longer lasting scents of the fragrance and may include musk or woody scents.
Hot throw – this is the scent released while being used. For a candle during burning and for a melt this is when it has been warmed and melted to release the fragrance. 
Mica – powder added to wax to add colour and a sheen to the wax. 
Mineral Wax – another term for paraffin wax. This is a wax produced from the by-products of the manufacture of fuels.
Natural Wax – a term often used to describe waxes made using oils from plants such as soy, rapeseed and coconut. Also known as plant wax. 
Pillar Candle – A free standing candle not in a container.
Soot test –tests carried out to check the candle does not produce too much soot when burnt. If the candle is tested to meet the requirements of BS EN 15426:2018 (Candles – Specification for Sooting Behaviour) the test needs to be carried out using specialized soot testing equipment in a controlled environment.
Synthetic Fragrance Oils – are manufactured fragrance oils rather than being extracted from plants. These can be Nature identical fragrances which are made to contain the identical chemicals found in essential oils. 
Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.